These bandits straddle the dividing line that separates the light and dark sides of the composition, which references the idea that the bandits are simultaneously a part of nature and of civilization. They are too wild to be normal members of society and yet they can never truly be a part of nature. The incredibly dark, almost unreadable, grouping of jagged land forms represents how unknown and mysterious the wild is. The dark clouds in the image are coming from the same side these hills are on, further emphasizing the danger lurking within.
Rosa uses a similar diagonal layout in the second painting I will be discussing, Rocky Landscape with Hunters and Warriors (c. 1650-1670). This separation is less about light versus dark in this painting, and more about how the landscape is split from the sky. In the center of the image there are three figures, either discussing something or fighting. There is another figure towards the right, aiming a gun, and there may be one to the left of the main figures. The hunters and warriors are distinguishable between either opposing side because of their clothing. The sky would be dark if not for the enormous white clouds blocking much of it out. Some of what appear to be man-made structures (perhaps houses) appear in the background, on the upper right side and just to the left of the main action happening in the center. The entirety of the landscape is composed of very rough cliffs and some segments of weather-worn trees, on their last branches. In the center of the bottom there is a small amount of a body of water.
The overall composition is much brighter than the one seen in Bandits, with most of the darkness focused around the edges to draw the viewer in. These people seem much tamer than others, as well; though they are still functioning in nature, these have made their homes here, and in some way have brought civilization with them. Perhaps the use of lighter and brighter colors in Hunters and Warriors alludes to Rosa feeling that this arrangement is better than the one featured in Bandits; while the bandits have turned to a life of crime and have no home that we can see, these hunters and warriors do have homes and are not trying to completely immerse themselves in nature. In both paintings, the figures are mostly located on the diagonal line created by Rosa’s composition. Both feature prominent, dark skies with clouds, dangerously rocky landscapes, and fairly eerie, nearly bare trees.